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What Causes Melasma During Pregnancy

What Causes Melasma During Pregnancy?

Different people have different experiences during pregnancy. Have you ever had facial skin discoloration when pregnant? Ever wondered what caused it?

Well, Melasma mostly occurs in women in their conceptive years of between16-45. It appears mostly on the forehead, chin, cheeks and upper lips. It often spotty brown or grey facial blemish.

Common reasons why Melasma occurs are sun exposure, hormonal changes or external hormones caused by the use of birth control pills.

In this article, we will focus on what causes Melasma, symptoms and how to treat it.

What are the common causes of Melasma?

Hormonal imbalance

During pregnancy, most women face hormonal imbalance. This is due to the use of birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy.

There is also an increase in estrogen, melanocyte-stimulating hormone and progesterone during the second and third trimester of pregnancy. However, increase in progesterone levels is believed to be the biggest reason leading to pregnancy Melasma.

Genetic Heredity                               

If most people in your family experience this condition during pregnancy, then it is most likely to happen to you too. The genes are passed through genetic predisposition.

People with this genetic disorder mostly get Melasma during summer. This is due to sunlight exposure. During winter the Melasma pigmentation regresses.

Facial products.

Most women use facial products such as skin tone creams to enhance their beauty. However, during pregnancy, some of this products may cause an increase in melanin and accelerate Melasma symptoms due to skin irritation.

Some people may also be allergic to medication and cosmetics and this may lead to a reaction leading to Melasma formation.

Thyroid Disease

The incidence of Melasma increases in pregnant women who are patients of thyroid disease. The medication effects lead to the overproduction of Melanocyte-stimulating hormone which is brought by stress.

Sun exposure.

The ultraviolet rays released by the sun can cause Melasma. They affect cell production that controls pigment.

What are the common signs and symptoms of Melasma?

Melisma is readily diagnosed by recognizing appearance of brown skin patches on the face. It mostly occurs on the cheeks, upper lip, nose, chin and forehead.

One technique used is woods lamp examination. It’s a special light held up on your skin which allows check-up bacterial and fungal infection.

Skin irritation due to continuous use of sunscreen creams with over 2%hydroquine concentration. There is dark, irregular well-demarcated post inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

Melasma does not cause any other symptoms beyond the cosmetic discoloration

What is the treatment for Melasma?

Once you have been diagnosed with Melasma you should take the following steps

Avoid the sun during summer or if unavoidable apply sun-blocks to avoid stimulating pigment production.

Use 2% Hydroquinone creams which are effective in lightening the skin and less irritating. Those with higher concentrations lead to Melasma. Apply the creams on the patches at least twice a day.

Melasma may clear spontaneously if you discontinue using birth control pills and hormone therapy. This will lead to discoloration disappearance during pregnancy.

Final thought.

Just as Melasma develops slowly, its clearance is similar too. Please be patient as the disappearance will be gradual with the right treatment.

About Mia Botchford

Mia is a single mom, a self styled-fashionista and a fashion blogger. She is a lawyer by profession and a budding entrepreneur. From the age of 5, Mia has suffered from Melasma and the stigma that accompanies it. For years, she suffered in silence till she decided to make a stand for all girls out there. Mia creates awareness by showcasing her own beauty and helping women of all ages realize the same. She travels around the country; giving motivational talks in schools and colleges and in her spare time, hangs out with her daughter. She started her entrepreneurship journey by way of expressing herself but now, it is part of her identity. She went into blogging and also uses this platform to share her personal experiences and, factors that influence her decisions and choices.